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Image of STAND UP AGAINST BULLYING All kids involved in bullying—whether they are bullied, bully others, or see bullying—can be affected. It is important to support all kids involved to make sure the bullying doesn’t continue and effects can be minimized.

State law and school policy may have additional guidelines for defining bullying behavior.To determine if this is bullying or something else, consider the following questions:
  • What is the history between the kids involved? Have there been past conflicts?
  • Is there a power imbalance? Remember that a power imbalance is not limited to physical strength. It is sometimes not easily recognized. If the targeted child feels like there is a power imbalance, there probably is.
  • Has this happened before? Is the child worried it will happen again?
  • Have the kids dated? There are special responses for teen dating violence.
  • Are any of the kids involved with a gang? Gang violence has different interventions.

Remember that it may not matter “who started it.” Some kids who are bullied may be seen as annoying or provoking, but this does not excuse the bullying behavior.

The Law


  • TEC  Chapter 37 - Discipline: Law and Order
  • TEC  §25.0342 – Transfer of Victims of Bullying
  • TEC  §37.001 – Student Code of Conduct to Prohibit Bullying, Harassment, and Hit List Making
  • TEC  §37.0832 -  Bullying Prevention Policies and Procedures
  • TEC  §37.151 - Hazing
  • HB 1942 82nd Legislature – Bullying In Public Schools



Texas Schools Bullying and the Law Video
Bullying Prevention: Classroom Discussion Video 

Bullying Prevention Flowchart (PDF)
Bullying Prevention Flowchart (RTF)

For Educators

What You Should Know:
        Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among students that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both students who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.

Image of No Bullying       Image of No Bullying

Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen traveling to or from school, in the youth’s neighborhood, or on the Internet.

There are common types of bullying that can occur:
  • Verbal bullying: Saying or writing mean things
  • Social bullying: Commonly referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships.
  • Physical bullying: hurting a person’s body or possessions.

Image of a student looking down and feeling left out

It is important to talk with children who show signs of being bullied or bullying others. Bullying can point to other issues or problems, such as depression or substance abuse. Talking to the student can help identify the root of the problem.

What Should You Do?
There are simple steps teachers can take to stop bullying on the spot and keep students safe:
  • Intervene immediately. It is ok to get another teacher to help when multiple students involved.
  • Separate the students involved.
  • Make sure everyone is safe.
  • Meet any immediate medical or mental health needs.
  • Stay calm. Reassure the students involved, including bystanders.
  • Model respectful behavior when you intervene.

 Web Resources:

For Parents

What You Should Know:

Image of an adult attentively listening to a student

Schools can set the stage for meaningful parent and youth involvement, but it doesn't happen overnight. Parents and youth need to feel valued and be given opportunities to contribute their expertise. To sustain parent and youth involvement, schools need to provide meaningful roles for them. For example:

  • Students can contribute their views and experiences with bullying. They can take leadership roles in school to promote respect and inclusion, communicate about bullying prevention with their peers, and help develop rules and policies.
  • Parents can contribute to a positive school climate through the parent teacher association, volunteering, and school improvement events.
  • School staff can keep parents informed, make them feel welcome, and treat them as partners. Schools can consider identifying a school coordinator to support parent and youth engagement strategies. Schools can set meeting times that are convenient for parents and youth and may consider additional incentives such as providing dinner or child care.

What Should You Do?

Research tells us that children really do look to parents and caregivers for advice and help on tough decisions. Sometimes spending 15 minutes a day talking can reassure kids that they can talk to their parents if they have a problem. Start conversations about daily life and feelings with questions like these:

  • What was one good thing that happened today? Any bad things?
  • What is lunch time like at your school? Who do you sit with? What do you talk about?
  • What is it like to ride the school bus?
  • What are you good at? What would do you like best about yourself?

 Web Resources:

  • - U.S. government website that helps you create, maintain, and strengthen effective youth programs.

    Image of Know Bullying


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For Students

What You Should Know:
        Bullying can affect everyone; those who are bullied, those who bully, and those who witness bullying. Bullying is linked to many negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance use, and suicide.

Image of a girl holding up a sign that says "No Bullying"         Image of a sign that says "STOP BULLYING NOW. STAND UP • SPEAK OUT"

Kids who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experience:

  • Depression and anxiety, increased feelings of sadness and loneliness, changes in sleep and eating patterns, and loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy. These issues may persist into adulthood.
  • Health complaints
  • Decreased academic achievement—GPA and standardized test scores—and school participation. They are more likely to miss, skip, or drop out of school.

What Should You Do?
        If you happen to be bullied or see bullying in action, here is what you can do:
  • Don't be the audience
  • Help the bullied get away
  • Tell an adult about the situation
  • Be a Friend

 Web Resources:

  • - U.S. government website that helps you create, maintain, and strengthen effective youth programs.
  • - This site includes a list of peer-reviewed articles related to bullying.