Section 504 / Dyslexia Services
What is Section 504?
Section 504 is part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. Section 504 provides that: "No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States... shall, solely by reason of his or her disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance ..." [34 C.F.R. § 104.4(a)]. To be protected under Section 504, a student must be determined to: (1) have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limit one or more major life activities; or (2) have a record of such an impairment; or (3) be regarded as having such an impairment.
What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impeded growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Common Risk Factors Associated with Dyslexia can be found in the TEA Dyslexia Handbook 2018 Update pages 2-4.
Technology for Students with Dyslexia
Texas Dyslexia Identification Academy (ONLINE training for teachers):
Texas Dyslexia Identification Academy is an exciting new training initiative to help district and charter school teachers, administrators, dyslexia specialists, and assessment personnel with the challenges of identifying students with dyslexia. This training offers five modules where participants can customize their professional development path by attending one or any combination of the five. TAC §232.11 requires educators who teach students with dyslexia to have CPE training in new research and practices in educating students with dyslexia.*
|Module 1 - Foundations|
Module 1 is the first of five modules developed to assist school districts and charter schools in the identification of students with dyslexia. The objectives for Module 1 are to define dyslexia and related disorders, explore the characteristics and common risk factors of dyslexia at varying age and grade levels, explore elements of reading, and review associated academic difficulties and conditions that may co-exist with dyslexia.
*Successful completion of Module 1 may satisfy this requirement, per local district policy.